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The Morton K. Blaustein
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

 

Darrell F. Strobel
   Professor

  office
  121 Olin Hall
  telephone
  (410)516-7829
  fax
  (410)516-7933
  e-mail
  strobel@jhu.edu

Academic     Research

 

Publications

 

Saur, J.,  S. Duling, L. Roth, D.F. Strobel, P.D. Feldman, U.R. Christensen, K.D.  Retherford, M.A. McGrath, F. Musacchio, A. Wennmacher, F.M. Neubauer, S. Simon, Evidence for a subsurface ocean in Ganymede from observations of its auroral ovals, Nature, submitted, 2014.

Kriegel, H, S. Simon , P. Meier , U. Motschmann , J. Saur , A. Wennmacher , D. F. Strobel , M. Dougherty, Ion densities and magnetic signatures of dust pick-up at Enceladus, J. Geophys. Res., submitted, 2014.

Zhu, X., D. F. Strobel, and J. T. Erwin, The Density and Thermal Structure of Pluto’s Atmosphere and Associated Escape Processes and Rates, Icarus, 228, 301-314, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.10.011, 2014.

Roth, L., J. Saur, K. D. Retherford, D. F. Strobel, P. D. Feldman, , M. A. McGrath, and F. Nimmo, Transient Water Vapor Aurora at Europa’s South Pole, Sciencexpress, 12 December 2013 [DOI:10.1126/science.1246249] , 2013.

Roth, L., J. Saur, K. D. Retherford, P. D. Feldman, and D. F. Strobel, A phenomenological model for Io's UV aurora based on HST/STIS observations, Icarus 228, 386-406, doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.10.009, 2014.

Strobel, D. F., and J. Cui, Titan’s Upper Atmosphere/Exosphere, Escape Processes and Rates, to appear in Titan: Surface, Atmosphere and Magnetosphere, eds: Ingo Mueller-Wodarg, Caitlin Griffith, Emmanuel Lellouch, Thomas Cravens, Cambridge University Press / Cambridge Planetary Science Series, 2013.

McGrath, M. A., X. Jia, K. Retherford, P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, and J. Saur, Aurora on Ganymede, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50122, 2013.

Vigren, E., M. Galand, R. V. Yelle, J. Cui, J.-E. Wahlund, K. Ågren, P. P. Lavvas,  I. C. F. Mueller-Wodarg, and D. F. Strobel, On the thermal electron balance in Titan’s sunlit upper atmosphere, Icarus, 223, 234-251, doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2012.12.010, 2013.

Cui, J., R. V. Yelle, D. F. Strobel, I. C. F. M¨uller-Wodarg, D. S. Snowden, T. T. Koskinen, and M. Galand, The CH4 structure in Titan’s upper atmosphere Revisited, J. Geophys. Res., E11, doi:10.1029/2012JE004222, 2012.

West, R. A., J. M. Ajello, M. H. Stevens, D. F. Strobel, G. R. Gladstone, J.S. Evans, E.T. Bradley, Titan Airglow During Eclipse, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L18204, doi:10.1029/2012GL053230, 2012.

Strobel, D. F., Hydrogen and Methane in Titan's Atmosphere: Chemistry, Diffusion, Escape, and the Hunten Limiting Flux Principle, Can J. Phys., 90: 795 - 805, doi:1139/p11-131, 2012.                                                    

Saur, J., P. D. Feldman, L. Roth, F. Nimmo, D. F. Strobel, K. D. Retherford, M. A. McGrath, N. Schilling, J-C. G´erard, D. Grodent, HST/ACS Observations of Europa’s atmospheric UV emission at eastern elongation, Astrophys. J., 738, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/738/2/153, 2011.

Roth, L., J. Saur, K. D. Retherford, D. F. Strobel, and J. R. Spencer, Simulation of Io’s auroral emission: Constraints on the atmosphere in eclipse, Icarus, 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.05.014, 2011.

Zalucha, A. M., X. Zhu, A. A. S. Gulbis, D. F. Strobel, and J. L. Elliot, An analysis of Pluto’s troposphere using stellar occultation light curves and an atmospheric radiative-conductive-convective model, Icarus, doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.05.015, 2011. 

Zalucha, A. M., A. A. S. Gulbis, X. Zhu, D. F. Strobel, and J. L. Elliot, An analysis of Pluto occultation light curves using an atmospheric radiative-conductive model, Icarus, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.08.018, 2010.

Strobel, D. F., Molecular Hydrogen in Titan's Atmosphere: Implications of the Measured Tropospheric and Thermospheric Mole Fractions, Icarus, 208, 878-886, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.03.003, 2010. 

Wulms, V., J. Saur, D. F. Strobel, S. Simon, and D. G. Mitchell, Energetic Neutral Atoms from Titan: Particle-Simulations in Draped Magnetic and Electric Fields, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A06310, doi:10.1029/2009JA014893, 2010. 

Strobel, D. F., S. K. Atreya , B. Bézard, F. Ferri, F. M. Flasar, M. Fulchignoni, E. Lellouch, and I. C. F. Müller-Wodarg, Atmospheric Structure and Composition, in Titan from Cassini-Huygens, eds. Brown, R. H., J-P. Lebreton, and J. H.Waite, Jr., Springer, 235-257, doi10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2, 2009.

 Lebreton, J. P., A.Coustenis, J. I. Lunine, F. Raulin, T. Owen, D. F. Strobel, Results from the Huygens probe on Titan, Astro & Astrophys. Rev., 17, 149-179, doi 10.1007/s00159-009-0021-5, 2009. 

Strobel, D. F., Titan's hydrodynamically escaping atmosphere: Escape Rates and the Structure of the Exobase Region, Icarus, 202, 632–641, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2009.03.007, 2009.  

Rosenqvist, L., J.-E. Wahlund, K. Agrena, R. Modolo, H. J. Opgenoorth, D. F. Strobel, I. Mueller-Wodarg, P. Garnier, C. Bertucci, Titan ionospheric conductivities from Cassini measurements, Planet. Space Sci., 57, 1828-1833, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2009.01.007, 2009. 

Young, L. A., et al., New Horizons: Anticipated Scientific Investigations at the Pluto System, Space Sci. Rev. , 140, 93-127, doi 10.1007/s11214-008-9462-9, 2008. 

Zhu, X., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Flasar, Exchange of global mean angular momentum between an atmosphere and its underlying planet, Planet. Space Sci. , 56, 1524-1531, doi:10.1029/2008GL035811, 2008.Saur, J., N. Schilling, F. M. Neubauer, D. F. Strobel, M. K. Dougherty, C. T. Russell, and R. T. Pappalardo, Evidence for temporal variability of Enceladus' gas jets: Modeling of Cassini observations, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 35, L20105, doi:10.1029/2008GL035811, 2008.

Johnson, R. E., M. R.Combi, J. L. Fox, W.-H. Ip, F. Leblanc, M. A. McGrath, V. I. Shematovich, D. F. Strobel, J. H. Waite Jr., Exospheres and Atmospheric Escape, Space Sci. Rev., 139, 355-397, doi 10.1007/s11214-008-9415-3, 2008.

Ma, Y.-J., K. Altwegg, T. Breus, M. R. Combi, T. E. Cravens, E. Kallio, S. A. Ledvina, J. G. Luhmann, S. Miller, A. F. Nagy, A. J. Ridley, D. F. Strobel, Plasma flow and related phenomena in planetary aeronomy, Space Sci. Rev., 139, 311-353, doi 10.1007/s11214-008-9389-1, 2008.

Mueller-Wodarg, I. C. F., D. F. Strobel, J. I. Moses, J. H. Waite, J. Crovisier, R. V. Yelle, S. W. Bougher, R. G. Roble, Neutral atmospheres, Space Sci. Rev., 139, 191-234, doi 10.1007/s11214-008-9404-6, 2008.

Slanger, T. G., T.E. Cravens, J. Crovisier, S. Miller, and D.F. Strobel, Photoemission phenomena in the solar system, Space Sci. Rev., 139, 267-310, doi 10.1007/s11214-008-9387-3, 2008.

Coustenis, A. et al., TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission, Exp. Astron., 23, 893–946, doi:10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z, 2008.

Fouchet, T., S. Guerlet, D. F. Strobel, A. A. Simon-Miller, B. Bezard, F. M. Flasar, Spatial evidence for an equatorial oscillation on Saturn Nature, 453, 200-202, doi:10.1038/nature06912, 2008.

Jones, G. H., et al., The Dust Halo of Saturn's Largest Icy Moon, Rhea, Science, 319, 1380-1384, doi:10.1126/science.1151524, 2008.

Strobel, D. F., N2 Escape rates from Pluto's atmosphere, Icarus, 193, 612-619, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.021, 2008.

Strobel, D. F., Titan's hydrodynamically escaping atmosphere, Icarus, 193, 588-594, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.014, 2008.

Tyler, G.L., I.R. Linscott, M.K. Bird, D.P. Hinson, D.F. Strobel, M. Paetzold, M.E. Summers, K. Sivaramakrishnan, The New Horizons Radio Science Experiment (REX), Space Sci. Rev., 140, 217-259, doi:10.1007/s11214-007-9302-3, 2008

Retherford, K. D, J. R. Spencer, S. A. Stern, J. Saur, D. F. Strobel et al., Io atmospheric response to eclipse: UV aurorae observations, Science, 318, 237-240, doi: 10.1126/science.1147594, 2007

Laver, C., I. de Pater, H. Roe, and D. F. Strobel, Temporal behavior of the SO 1.707 μm ro-vibronic emission band in Io’s atmosphere, Icarus, 189, 401-408, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.02.008, 2007.

Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, P. G. J. Irwin, T. Fouchet, P. D. Romani, M. Abbas, A. LeClair, D. F. Strobel, A. A. Simon-Miller, D. J. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, and V. G. Kunde, Meridional variations of C2H2 and C2H6 in Jupiter's Atmosphere from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectra, Icarus, 188, 47-71, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.016, 2007.

Lellouch, E., B. Bezard, D. F. Strobel, G. L. Bjoraker, F. M. Flasar, and P. N. Romani, On the HCN and CO2 Abundance and Distribution in Jupiter's Stratosphere, Icarus, 184, 478-497, 2006.

Strobel, D. F., Gravitational tidal waves in Titan's upper atmosphere, Icarus, 182, 251-258, 2006.

Strobel, D. F., Photochemistry in Outer Solar Systems Atmospheres, in The Outer Planets. A Comparative Study before the Exploration of Saturn by Cassini-Huygens, Edited by T. Encrenaz, R. Kallenbach, T. C. Owen, and C. Sotin, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 155-170, 2005.

Zhu, X., and D. F. Strobel, On the maintenance of thermal wind balance and equatorial superrotation in Titan's stratosphere, Icarus, 176, 331-350, 2005

Flasar, F. M., et al., Titan's atmospheric temperatures, winds, and composition, Science, 308, 975-978, 2005.

Strobel, D. F., Photochemistry in Outer Solar System Atmospheres, Space Sci. Rev., 116, 133-170, 2005.

Flasar, F. M., et al., Temperatures, winds, and composition in the Saturn system, Science, 307, 1247-1251, 2005.

Saur, J., and D. F. Strobel, Atmospheres and plasma interactions at Saturn's largest inner icy satellites, Astrophys. J. Lett., 620, L115-L118, 2005.

Geissler, P., A. McEwen, C. Porco, D. F. Strobel, J. Saur, J. Ajello, and R.West, Cassini observations of Io's visible aurorae, Icarus, 172, 127-140, 2004.

Saur, J., and D. F. Strobel, Relative contributions of sublimation and volcanoes to Io's atmosphere inferred from its plasma interaction during solar eclipse, Icarus, 171, 411-420, 2004.

McGrath, M. A., E. Lellouch, D. F. Strobel, P. D. Feldman, and R. E. Johnson, Satellite Atmospheres in Jupiter: The Planet, Satellites, and Magnetosphere, ed. F. Bagenal, T. Dowling, and W. McKinnon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 457-483, 2004.

Kunde, V. G., F. M. Flasar, D. E. Jennings, B. Bezard, D. F. Strobel, B. J. Conrath, et al., Jupiter's atmospheric composition from the Cassini thermal infrared spectroscopy experiment, Science, 305
, 1582-1586, 2004.

Feaga, L. M., M. A. McGrath, P. D. Feldman, and D. F. Strobel, Detection of atomic chlorine in Io's atmosphere with the Hubble Space Telescope GHRS, Astrophys. J., 610, 1191-1198, 2004.

Vervack, R. J., Jr., B. R. Sandel, and D. F. Strobel, New perspectives on Titan's upper atmosphere from a reanalysis of the Voyager 1 UVS solar occultations, Icarus, 170, 91-112, 2004.

Feldman, P. D., D. F. Strobel, H. W. Moos, and H. A. Weaver, The Far Ultraviolet Spectrum of the Io Plasma Torus, Astrophys. J., 601, 583-591, 2004.

Saur, J.,  F.M. Newbauer, D. F. Strobel, and M. E. Summers, The Ion Mass Loading Rate at Io, Icarus, 163, 456-468, 2003.

Retherford, K., H. W. Moos, and D. F. Strobel, Io's Auroral Limb Glow: HST/STIS FUV Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 108(A8), 1333,doi: 10.1029/2002JA009710,2003.

Lellouch, E., G. Paubert, J. I. Moses, N. M. Schneider, and D. F. Strobel, Volcanically-emitted Sodium Chloride as a Source for Io's Neutral Clouds and Plasma Torus,  Nature, 421, 45-47, 2003.

Strobel, D. F., J. Saur, P. D. Feldman, and M. A. McGrath, HST/STIS Search for an Atmosphere on Callisto: A Jovian Unipolar Inductor, Astrophys. J. Lett., 581, L51-54, 2002.

Bezard, B. E. Lellouch, D. F. Strobel, J.-P. Malliard, and P. Drossert, Carbon Monoxide on Jupiter: Evidence for both internal and external sources, Icarus, 159, 95-111, 2002.

Strobel, D. F., Aeronomic Systems on Planets, Moons, and Comets, in Comparative Aeronomy in the Solar System, (eds. M. Mendillo, A. Nagy, and H. Waite), American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph Series, pp. 7-22 , 2002. 

Saur, J. , F. M. Neubauer, D. F. Strobel, and M. E. Summers, Interpretation of Galileo's Io Plasma and Field Observations: The I0, I24, I27 Flybys, and Close Polar Passes, J. Geophys. Res., 107, doi: 1029/2001JA005067, 2002. 

de Pater, I., H. Roe, J. R. Graham, D. F. Strobel, and P. Bernath, Detection of the Forbidden SO [a1D ® 3å-] Rovibronic Transition on Io at 1.7 mm, Icarus, 156, 296-301, 2002. 

Wolven, B. C., H. W. Moos, K. D. Retherford, P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, W. H. Smyth, and F. L. Roesler, Emission Profiles of Neutral Oxygen and Sulfur in Io's Exospheric Corona, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 26,155-26,182, 2001. 

Matcheva, K. I., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Flasar, Interaction of Gravity Waves with Ionospheric Plasma: Implications for Jupiter's Ionosphere, Icarus, 152, 347-365, 2001. 

Strobel, D. F. and B. C. Wolven, The Atmosphere of Io: Abundances and Sources of Sulfur Dioxide and Atomic Hydrogen, Astrophys. Space Sci., 277, 271-287, 2001. 

Eviatar, A., D. F. Strobel, B. C. Wolven, P. D. Feldman, M. A. McGrath, and D. J. Williams, Excitation of the Ganymede Ultraviolet Aurora, Astrophys. J., 555, 1013-1019, 2001. 

Feldman, P. A., T. A. Ake, A. F. Berman, H. W. Moos, D. J. Sahnow, D. F. Strobel, H. A. Weaver, and P. R. Young, Detection of Chlorine Ions in the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer Spectrum of the Io Plasma Torus, Astrophys. J. Lett., 554, L123-L126, 2001. 

Swaminathan, P. K., D. F. Strobel, L. Acton, and L. J. Paxton, Model Update for Mesospheric / Thermospheric Nitric Oxide, Phys. Chem. Earth (C), 26, 533-537, 2001. 

Zhu, X., J-H. Yee, and D. F. Strobel, Coupled Models of Photochemistry and Dynamics in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere, in Atmospheric Science Across the Stratopause, eds. D. E. Suskind, M. E. Summers, and S. D. Eckermann, American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph Series, pp. 337-342, 2000. 

Retherford, K. D., H. W. Moos, D. F. Strobel, and B. C. Wolven, Io's Equatorial Spots: Morphology of Neutral UV Emissions, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 27,157-27,165, 2000. 

Saur, J. , F. M. Neubauer, D. F. Strobel, and M. E. Summers, Io's Ultraviolet Aurora: Remote Sensing of Io's Interaction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2893-2896, 2000. 

Zhu, X., J-H. Yee, and D. F. Strobel, Middle Atmosphere Age of Air in a Globally Balanced Two-dimensional Model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 15,201-15212, 2000. 

Feldman, P. D., D. F. Strobel, H. W. Moos, K. D. Retherford, B. C. Wolven, M. A. McGrath, F. L. Roesler, R. C. Woodward, Jr., R, J. Oliverson, and G. L. Ballester, Lyman alpha Imaging of the SO2 Distribution on Io, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1787-1790, 2000.

Feldman, P. D., M. A. McGrath, D. F. Strobel, H. W. Moos, K. D. Retherford, and B. C. Wolven, HST/STIS Ultraviolet Imaging of Polar Aurora on Ganymede, Astrophys. J., 535, 1085-1090, 2000. 

Elliot, J. L., D. F. Strobel, X. Zhu, J. A. Stansberry, L. H. Wasserman, and O. G. Franz, The Thermal Structure of Triton's Middle Atmosphere, Icarus, 143, 425-428, 2000. 

Saur, J. , F. M. Neubauer, D. F. Strobel, and M. E. Summers, 3D Plasma Simulations of Io's Interaction with the Io Plasma Torus: Asymmetric Plasma Flow, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 25,105-25,126, 1999. 

Zhu, X., J-H. Yee, S. A. Lloyd, and D. F. Strobel, Numerical Modeling of Chemical-Dynamical Coupling in the Upper Stratosphere and Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23995-24011, 1999. 

Zhu, X., J. H. Yee, D. F. Strobel, X. Wang, and R. A. Greenwald, Numerical Modeling of Middle Atmosphere Migrating Tides, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 125, 1825-1857, 1999. 

Matcheva, K. I., and D. F. Strobel, Heating of Jupiter's thermosphere by dissipation of gravity waves due to molecular viscosity and heat conduction, Icarus, 140, 328-340, 1999. 

Roesler, F. L., H. W. Moos, R. J. Oliverson, R. C. Woodward, Jr., K. D Retherford, F. Scherb, M. A. McGrath, W. H. Smyth, P. D. Feldman, and D. F. Strobel, Far UV Imaging Spectroscopy of Io's Atmosphere with HST/STIS, Science, 283, 353-357, 1999. 

Saur, J., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Neubauer, Interaction of the Jovian Magnetosphere with Europa: Constraints on the Neutral Atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 19,947-19,962, 1998. 

Swaminathan, P. K., D. F. Strobel, D. G. Kupperman, C. Krishna Kumar, L. Acton, R. DeMajistre, H., J-H. Yee, D. E. Anderson, and D. J. Strickland, Nitric oxide abundance in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere region: Roles of solar soft x rays, suprathermal N(4S) atoms, and vertical transport, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 11,579-11,594, 1998. 

Hall, D. T., P. D. Feldman, M. A. McGrath, and D. F. Strobel, The far-ultraviolet oxygen airglow of Europa and Ganymede, Astrophys. J., 499, 475-481, 1998. 

McGrath, M. A., T. E. Smith, R. Courtin, P. D. Feldman, and D. F. Strobel, The ultraviolet of albedo of Titan, Icarus, 131, 382-392, 1998. 

Summers, M. E., D. F. Strobel, and G. R. Gladstone, Chemical Models of Pluto's Atmosphere, in Pluto, (eds. S. A. Stern and D. J. Tholen), Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 391-434, 1997. 

Summers, M. E., R. R. Conway, D. E. Suskind, M. H. Stevens, D. Offermann, M. Riese, P. Preuse, and D. F. Strobel, Implications of Satellite Hydroxyl (OH) Observations for Middle Atmospheric Water Vapor and Ozone Chemistry, Science, 277, 1967-1970, 1997. 

Zhu, X., P. K. Swaminathan, J. H. Yee, D. F. Strobel, and D. Anderson, A globally balanced two-dimensional middle atmosphere model: Dynamical studies of mesopause meridional circulation and stratosphere-mesosphere exchange, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 13095-13112, 1997. 

Summers, M. E., D. E. Siskind, J. T. Bacmeister, R. R. Conway, S. Zasadil, and D. F. Strobel, The seasonal variation of middle atmosphere CH4 and H2O with a new chemical-dynamical model, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 3503-3526, 1997. 

Morrissey, P. F., P. D. Feldman, J. T. Clarke, B. C. Wolven, D. F. Strobel, S. T. Durrance, and J. T. Trauger, Simultaneous spectroscopy and imaging of the Jovian aurora with the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, Astrophys. J., 476, 918-923, 1997. 

Wolven, B. C., P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, and M. A. McGrath, Lyman-alpha induced fluorescence of H2 and CO in GHRS spectra of a Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact site on Jupiter, Astrophys. J., 475, 835-842, 1997. 

Summers, M. E., R. R. Conway, D. E. Suskind, R. M. Bevilacqua, D. F. Strobel, and S. Zasadil, Mesospheric HOx photochemistry: Constraints from recent satellite measurements of OH and H2O, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2097-2100, 1996. 

Courtin, R., D. Gautier, and D. F. Strobel, The CO Abundance on Neptune from HST Observations, Icarus, 123, 37-55, 1996.

Summers, M. E., and D. F. Strobel, Photochemistry and Vertical Transport in Io's Atmosphere and Ionosphere, Icarus, 120, 290-316, 1996. 

Strobel, D. F., X. Zhu, and M. E. Summers, On the Vertical Thermal Structure of Pluto's Atmosphere, Icarus, 120, 266-289, 1996. 

Lellouch, E., D. F. Strobel, M. J. S. Belton, M. E. Summers, G. Paubert, and R. Moreno, Detection of sulfur monoxide in Io's atmosphere, Astrophys. J. Lett., 459, L107-L110, 1996. 

Strobel, D. F., and M. E. Summers, Triton's Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere, in Neptune and Triton, (ed. D. P. Cruikshank), Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 1107-1148, 1995. 

Ballester, G. E., W. M. Harris, G. R. Gladstone, J. T. Clarke, R. Prange, P. D. Feldman, M. R. Combi, C. Emerich, D. F. Strobel, A. Talavera, S. A. Budzien, T. A. Livengood, M. B. Vincent, M. A. McGrath, D. T. Hall, J. M. Ajello, L. Ben Jaffel, D. Rego, G. F. Fireman, K. L. Jessup, L. Woodney, S. Miller, and X. Liu, Far-Ultraviolet Emissions from the Impact Sites of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 2425-2428, 1995. 

Marten, A., D. Gautier, T. Owen, M. J. Griffin, H. E. Matthews, D. Bockelee-Morvan, P. Colom, J. Crovisier, E. Lellouch, D. A. Naylor, G. R. Davis, G. Orton, I. dePater, S. Atreya, B. Han, D. B. Sanders, and D. F. Strobel, The Collision of the Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter: Detection and Evolution of HCN in the Stratosphere of the Planet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1589-1592, 1995. 

Hall, D. T., D. F. Strobel, P. D. Feldman, M. A. McGrath, and H. A. Weaver, Detection of an Oxygen Atmosphere on Jupiter's Moon Europa, Nature, 373, 677-679, 1995. 

Lellouch, E., G. Paubert, R. Moreno, M. C. Festou, B. B. Bezard, D. Bockelee-Morvan, P. Colom, J. Crovisier, T. Encrenaz, and A. Marten, D. Despois, D. F. Strobel, and A. Sievers, The Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 (1993e) - Jupiter collision: Chemical and Thermal Constraints from Detection of CO, CS, and OCS, Nature, 373, 592-595, 1995. 

Strobel, D. F., X. Zhu, and M. E. Summers, On the Vertical Thermal Structure of Io's Atmosphere, Icarus, 111, 18-30, 1994. 

Ballester, G. E., M. A. McGrath, D. F. Strobel, X. Zhu, P. D. Feldman, and H. W. Moos, Detection of the SO2 Atmosphere on Io with the Hubble Space Telescope, Icarus, 111, 2-17, 1994. 

Hall, D. T., G. R. Gladstone, H. W. Moos, F. Bagenal, J. T. Clarke, P. D. Feldman, M. A. McGrath, N. M. Schneider, D. E. Shemansky, D. F. Strobel, and J. H. Waite, Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer Satellite Observation of the Io Plasma Torus, Astrophys. J. Lett., 426, L51-L54, 1994. 

Hall, D. T., C. J. Bednar, S. T. Durrance, P. D. Feldman, M. A. McGrath, H. W. Moos, and D. F. Strobel, Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope Determination of the Io Torus Electron Temperature, Astrophys. J., 420, L45-48, 1994. 

Stevens, M. H., R. R. Meier, R. R. Conway, and D. F. Strobel, A resolution of the N2 Carroll-Yoshino (c4' - X) band problem in the Earth's atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 417-433, 1994. 

McGrath, M. A., P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, H. W. Moos, and G. E. Ballester, Detection of OII l2471 from the Io Plasma Torus, Astrophys. J. Lett., 415, L55-L58, 1993. 

Strobel, D. F., D. T. Hall, X. Zhu, and M. E. Summers, Upper limit on Titan's atmospheric argon abundance, Icarus, 103, 333-336, 1993. 

Feldman, P. D., M. A. McGrath, H. W. Moos, S. T. Durrance, D. F. Strobel, and A. F. Davidsen, The spectrum of the Jovian dayglow observed at 3 A resolution with the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope, Astrophys. J., 406, 279-284, 1993. 

Stevens, M. H., D. F. Strobel, and F. Herbert, An analysis of the Voyager 2 ultraviolet spectrometer occultation data at Uranus: Inferring heat sources and model atmospheres, Icarus, 100, 45-63, 1993. 

Strobel, D. F., M. E. Summers, and X. Zhu, Titan's upper atmosphere: Structure and ultraviolet emissions, Icarus, 100, 512-526, 1992. 

Zhu, X., and D. F. Strobel, Nonlinear Saturation of Baroclinic Instability in Two-Layer Models, J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1961-1967, 1992. 

Zhu, X., M. E. Summers, and D. F. Strobel, Calculation of CO2 15 micron band atmospheric cooling rates by Curtis matrix interpolation of correlated-k coefficients, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 12787-12798, 1992. 

Stevens, M. H., D. F. Strobel, M. E. Summers, and R. V. Yelle, On the thermal structure of Triton's thermosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 669-672, 1992. 

Strobel, D. F., R. V. Yelle, D. E. Shemansky, and S. K. Atreya, The Upper Atmosphere, in Uranus, (eds. J. Bergstrahl and M. S. Matthews), Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 65-109, 1991. 

Zhu, X., M. E. Summers, and D. F. Strobel, Analytic models for the ozone radiative absorption rate at 9.6 micron in the mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 18,551-18,559, 1991. 

Summers, M. E., and D. F. Strobel, Triton's atmosphere: A source of N and H for Neptune's magnetosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 2309-2312, 1991. 

Strobel, D. F., R. R. Meier, M. E. Summers, and D. J. Strickland, Nitrogen airglow sources: Comparison of Triton, Titan, and Earth, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 689-692, 1991. 

Zhu, X., and D. F. Strobel, Radiative Damping in the Upper Mesosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 184-199, 1991. 

Strobel, D. F., A. F. Cheng, M. E. Summers, and D. J. Strickland, Magnetospheric Interaction with Triton's Ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1661-1664, 1990. 

Majeed. T., J. C. McConnell, D. F. Strobel, and M. E. Summers, Ionosphere of Triton, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1721-1724, 1990. 

Strobel, D. F., M. E. Summers, F. Herbert, and B. R. Sandel, The Photochemistry of Methane in the Atmosphere of Triton, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1729-1732, 1990. 

Summers, M. E., D. F. Strobel, R. M. Bevilacqua, X. Zhu, M. T. Deland, M. Allen and G. M. Keating, A Model Study of the Response of Mesospheric Ozone to Short-Term Solar Ultraviolet Flux Variations, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 22,523-22,538, 1990. 

Ballester, G. E., D. F. Strobel, P. D. Feldman, and H. W. Moos, The Atmospheric Abundance of SO2 on Io, Icarus, 88, 1-23, 1990. 

Livengood, T. A., D. F. Strobel, and H. W. Moos, Long-Term Study of Longitudinal Dependence in Primary Particle Precipitation in the North Jovian Aurora, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 10,375-10,388, 1990. 

Zhu, X., and D. F. Strobel, On the Role of Vibration-Vibration Transitions in Radiative Cooling of the CO2 15 micron Band around the Mesopause, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 3571-3578, 1990. 

Bevilacqua, R. M., D. F. Strobel, M. E. Summers, J. J. Olivero, and M. Allen, The Seasonal Variation of Water Vapor and Ozone in the Upper Mesosphere: Implications for Vertical Transport and Ozone Photochemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 883-893, 1990. 

Strobel, D. F., Energetics, Luminosity, and Spectroscopy of Io's Torus, in Time Variable Phenomena in the Jovian System, (eds. M.J.S. Belton, R. A. West, and J. Rahe), NASA SP-494, pp. 183-195, 1989. 

Broadfoot, et al., Ultraviolet Spectrometer Observations of Neptune and Triton, Science, 246, 1459-1465, 1989. 

Summers, M. E., and D. F. Strobel, Photochemistry of the Atmosphere of Uranus, Astrophys. J., 346, 495-508, 1989. 

Zommerfelds, W. C., K. F. Kunzi, M. E. Summers, R. M. Bevilacqua, D. F. Strobel, and W. J. Sawchuck, Diurnal Variations of Mesospheric Ozone Obtained by Ground-based Microwave Radiometry, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 12,819-12832, 1989. 

Summers, M. E., D. F. Strobel, Y. L. Yung, J. T. Trauger, and F. Mills, The Structure of Io's Atomic Corona and Implications for Atmospheric Escape, Astrophys. J., 343, 468-480, 1989. 

Strobel, D. F., Constraints on Gravity Wave Induced Diffusion in the Middle Atmosphere, Pure Appl. Geophys., 130, 533-546, 1989. 

Yelle, R. V., J. C. McConnell, D. F. Strobel, and L. R. Doose, The Far Ultraviolet Reflection Spectrum of Uranus: Results from the Voyager Encounter, Icarus, 77, 439-456, 1989. 

Smith, R. A., F. Bagenal, A. F. Cheng, and D. F. Strobel, On the Energy Crisis in the Io Plasma Torus, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 545-548, 1988. 

Ballester, G., W. M. Moos, P. D. Feldman, D. F. Strobel, M. E. Summers, J. L. Bertaux, T. Skinner, M. Festou, and J. H. Lieske, Detection of a Neutral Oxygen and Sulfur Corona around Io using IUE, Astrophys. J. Lett., 319, L33-L38, 1987. 

Conway, R. R., R. R. Meier, D. F. Strobel, and R. E. Huffman, The Far Ultraviolet Vehicle Glow of the S3-4 Satellite, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 628-631, 1987. 

Strobel, D. F., and M. E. Summers, R. M. Bevilacqua, M. T. DeLand, and M. Allen, Vertical Constituent Transport in the Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6691-6698, 1987. 

Strobel, D. F., Radiative Heating-Cooling and the Energetics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere, Rev. Geophys., 25, 497-500, 1987. 

Sittler, Jr., E. C., and D. F. Strobel, Io Plasma Torus Electrons: Voyager 1, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 5741-5762, 1987. 

Yelle, R. V., L. R. Doose, M. G. Tomasko, and D. F. Strobel, Analysis of Raman Scattered Ly-Alpha Emissions from the Atmosphere of Uranus, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 483-486, 1987. 

Broadfoot, et al., Ultraviolet Spectrometer Observations of Uranus, Science, 233, 74-78, 1986. 

West, R. A., D. F. Strobel, and M. G. Tomasko, Clouds, Aerosols, and Photochemistry in Jupiter's Atmosphere, Icarus, 65, 161-217, 1986. 

Strobel, D. F., The Photochemistry of the Atmospheres of the Outer Planets and Their Satellites, in The Photochemistry of Atmospheres, (ed. J.S. Levine), New York: Academic Press, pp. 393-434, 1985. 

Strobel, D. F., J. P. Apruzese and M. R. Schoeberl, Energy Balance Constraints on Gravity Wave Induced Eddy Diffusion in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 13,067-13,072, 1985. 

Smith, R. A., and D. F. Strobel, Energy Partitioning in the Io Plasma Torus, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 9469-9493, 1985.

 Hunten, D. M., M. G. Tomasko, F. M. Flasar, R. E. Samuelson, D. F. Strobel, and D. J. Stevenson, Titan, in Saturn, (eds. T. Gehrels and M.S. Matthews), Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 671-759, 1984. 

Apruzese, J. P., and D. F. Strobel, Radiative Relaxation Rates for Individual 15 micron CO2 Lines in the Upper Stratosphere and Lower Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7187-7194, 1984. 

Kaye, J. A., and D. F. Strobel, Phosphine Photochemistry in the Atmosphere of Saturn, Icarus, 59, 314-335, 1984. 

Apruzese, J. P., D. F. Strobel, and M. R. Schoeberl, Parameterization of IR Cooling in a Middle Atmosphere Dynamics Model. 2. Non-LTE Radiative Transfer and the Globally Averaged Temperature of the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 4917-4926, 1984. 

Schoeberl, M. R. and D. F. Strobel, Nonzonal Gravity Wave Breaking in the Winter Mesosphere, in Dynamics of the Middle Atmosphere, (ed. J. R. Holton and T. Matsuno), Terrapub., Japan, pp.45-64, 1983. 

Strobel, D. F., and S. K. Atreya, Ionosphere, in Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere, (ed. A. Dessler), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 51-67, 1983. 

Brown, R. A., C. B. Pilcher, and D. F. Strobel, Spectrophotometric Studies of the Io Torus, in Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere, (ed. A. Dessler), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 197-225, 1983. 

Pilcher, C. B., and D. F. Strobel, Emissions from Neutrals and Ions in the Jovian Magnetosphere, in The Satellites of Jupiter, (ed. D. Morrison), Tucson: University of Arizona Press, pp. 51-67, 1983. 

Kaye, J. A., and D. F. Strobel, Phosphine Photochemistry in Saturn's Atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 957-960, 1983. 

Kaye, J. A., and D. F. Strobel, Enhancement of Heavy Ozone in the Earth's Atmosphere? J. Geophys. Res., 88, 8447-8452, 1983. 

Strobel, D. F., Photochemistry of the Reducing Atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, and Titan, Intl. Rev. Phys. Chem., 3, 145-176, 1983. 

Kaye, J. A., and D. F. Strobel, Formation and Photochemistry of Methylamine in Jupiter's Atmosphere, Icarus, 55, 399-419, 1983. 

Kaye, J. A., and D. F. Strobel, HCN Formation on Jupiter: The Coupled Photochemistry of Ammonia and Acetylene, Icarus, 54, 417-431, 1983. 

Schoeberl, M. R., D. F. Strobel, and J. P. Apruzese, A Numerical Model of Gravity Wave Breaking and Stress in the Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 5249-5259, 1983. 

Johnson, R. E., and D. F. Strobel, Charge Exchange in the Io Torus and Exosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 10,385-10,393, 1982. 

Sandel, B. R., J. C. McConnell, and D. F. Strobel, Eddy Diffusion at Saturn's Homopause, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9, 1077-1080, 1982. 

Sandel, B. R., et al., Extreme Ultraviolet Observations from Voyager 2 Encounter with Saturn, Science, 215, 548-553, 1982. 

Strobel, D. F., Chemistry and Evolution of Titan's Atmosphere, Planetary Space Sci., 30, 839-848, 1982. 

Smith, G. R., D. F. Strobel, et al., Titan's Upper Atmosphere: Composition and Temperature from the EUV Solar Occultation Results, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1351-1359, 1982. 

Strobel, D. F., and D. E. Shemansky, EUV Emission from Titan's Upper Atmosphere: Voyager 1 Encounter, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1361-1368, 1982. 

Apruzese, J. P., M. R. Schoeberl, and D. F. Strobel, Parameterization of IR Cooling in a Middle Atmosphere Dynamics Model. I. Effects on the Zonally Averaged Circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 8951-8964, 1982. 

Strobel, D. F., Parameterization of Linear Wave Chemical Transport in Planetary Atmospheres by Eddy Diffusion, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 9806-9810, 1981. 

Broadfoot, A. L., et al., Overview of the Voyager Ultraviolet Spectrometry Results through Jupiter Encounter, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 8259-8284, 1981. 

Broadfoot, A. L., et al., Extreme Ultraviolet Observations from Voyager 1 Encounter with Saturn, Science, 212, 206-211, 1980. 

Strobel, D. F., C. B. Opal and R. R. Meier, Photoionization Rates in the Nighttime E- and F-Region Ionosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 28, 1027-103, 1980. 

Brinton, H. C., et al., Venus Nighttime Hydrogen Bulge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 865-868, 1980. 

Strobel, D. F., and J. Davis, Properties of the Io Plasma Torus Inferred from Voyager EUV Data, Astrophys. J. Lett., 239, L49-L52, 1980. 

Schoeberl, M. R., and D. F. Strobel, Sudden Stratospheric Warmings Forced by Mountains, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 149-152, 1980. 

Yung, Y. L., and D. F. Strobel, Hydrocarbon Photochemistry and Lyman Alpha Albedo of Jupiter, Astrophys. J., 239, 395-402, 1980. 

Sandel, B. R., A. L. Broadfoot, and D. F. Strobel, Discovery of Longitudinal Asymmetry in the H Lyman-Alpha Brightness of Jupiter, Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 5-8, 1980. 

Schoeberl, M. R., and D. F. Strobel, Numerical Simulation of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings, J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 214-236, 1980. 

Sandel, B. R., et al., Extreme Ultraviolet Observations from Voyager 2 Encounter with Jupiter, Science, 206, 962-966, 1979. 

Broadfoot, A. L., et al., Extreme Ultraviolet Observations from Voyager 1 Encounter with Jupiter, Science, 204, 979-982, 1979. 

Strobel, D. F., The Ionospheres of the Major Planets, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 17, 1913-1922, 1979. 

Strobel, D. F., Parameterization of the Thermal Relaxation Rate in the Stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 2469-2470, 1979. 

Strobel, D. F., and Y. L. Yung, The Galilean Satellites as a Source of CO in the Jovian Upper Atmosphere, Icarus, 37, 256-263, 1979. 

Strobel, D. F., Parameterization of the Atmospheric Heating Rate from 15 to 120 km due to O2 and O3 Absorption of Solar Radiation, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 6225-6230, 1978. 

Schoeberl, M. R., and D. F. Strobel, The Response of the Zonally Averaged Circulation to Stratospheric Ozone Reductions, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1751-1757, 1978. 

Oran, E., D. F. Strobel, and K. Mauersberger, High Altitude Atomic Nitrogen Densities, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 4877-4881, 1978. 

Strobel, D. F., Photochemical-Radiative Damping and Instability in the Stratosphere. 2. Numerical Results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 5, 523-525, 1978. 

Schoeberl, M. R., and D. F. Strobel, The Zonally Averaged Circulation of the Middle Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 577-591, 1978. 

Broadfoot, A. L., B. R. Sandel, D. E. Shemansky, S. K. Atreya, T. M. Donahue, H. W. Moos, J. L. Bertaux, J. E. Blamont, J. M. Ajello, D. F. Strobel, A. Dalgarno, R. Goody, M. B. McElroy, and Y.L. Yung, Ultraviolet Spectrometer Experiment for the Voyager Mission, Space Sci. Rev., 21, 183-205, 1977. 

Strobel, D. F., Photochemical-Radiative Damping and Instability in the Stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 4, 424-426, 1977. 

Baker, K. D., R. E. Olsen, J. Rhandawa, T. Tohmatsu, A. F. Nagy, D. F. Strobel, and E.S. Oran, Measurement of the Nitric Oxide Altitude Distribution in the Mid-latitude Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 3281-3286, 1977. 

Strobel, D. F., NH3 and PH3 Photochemistry in the Jovian Atmosphere, Astrophys. J., 214, L97-L99, 1977. 

Yung, Y. L., D. F. Strobel, T. Y. Kong, and M. B. McElroy, Photochemistry of Nitrogen in the Martian Atmosphere, Icarus, 30, 26-41, 1977. 

Oran, E. S., and D. F. Strobel, Photochemical Deviations of Thermospheric O and O2 Densities from Diffusive Equilibrium, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 696-698, 1977. 

Strobel, D. F., E. S. Oran and P. D. Feldman, The Aeronomy of Odd Nitrogen in the Thermosphere: II. Twilight Emission, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 3734-3752, 1976. 

Oran, E. S., and D. F. Strobel, Photochemically Induced Departures of O and O2 from Diffusive Equilibrium Distributions, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 257-259, 1976. 

Hyman, E., D. J. Strickland, P.S. Julienne, and D. F. Strobel, Auroral NO Concentrations, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 4765-4769, 1976. 

Oran, E. S., D. F. Strobel, T. R. Young, and T. P. Coffey, Electron and Ion Density Studies with the NRL One-Dimensional Midlatitude Model of the Ionosphere, in Effects of the Ionosphere on Space Systems and Communications, edited by J.M. Goodman, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., pp. 143-151, 1975. 

Strobel, D. F., Outer Solar-System Aeronomy, in Atmospheres of Earth and Planets, (ed. B.M. McCormac), D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 401-408, 1975. 

Oran, E. S., P. S. Julienne, and D. F. Strobel, The Aeronomy of Odd Nitrogen in the Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 3068-3076, 1975. 

Strobel, D. F., Aeronomy of the Major Planets: Photochemistry of Ammonia and Hydrocarbons, Rev. Geophys., 13, 372-382, 1975. 

Tinsley, B. A., R. R. Hodges, and D. F. Strobel, Diurnal Variations of Atomic Hydrogen: Observations and Calculations, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 626-634, 1975. 

Strobel, D. F., Hydrocarbon Abundances in the Jovian Atmosphere, Astrophys. J., 192, L47-L49, 1974. 

Strobel, D. F., T. R. Young, R. R. Meier, T. P. Coffey, and A. W. Ali, The Nighttime Ionosphere: E-Region and Lower F-Region, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 3171-3178, 1974. 

Strobel, D. F., The Photochemistry of Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere of Titan, Icarus, 21, 466-470, 1974. 

Hunten, D. M., and D. F. Strobel, Production and Escape of Terrestrial Hydrogen, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 305-317, 1974. 

Strobel, D. F., Physics and Chemistry of the E-Region: A Review, Radio Sci., 9, 159-165, 1974. 

Strobel, D. F., The Jovian Upper Atmosphere, in Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmosphere, (ed. B.M. McCormac), D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland, pp. 345-353, 1973. Strobel, D. F., The Photochemistry of NH3 in the Jovian Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1205-1209, 1973. Strobel, D. F., and G. R. Smith, On the Temperature of the Jovian Thermosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 718-725, 1973. 

Strobel, D. F., The Photochemistry of Hydrocarbons in the Jovian Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 489-498, 1973. 

Strobel, D. F., and E. J. Weber, Mathematical Model of the Polar Wind, J. Geophys. Res., 77, 6864-6869, 1972. 

Strobel, D. F., Nitric Oxide in the D-Region, J. Geophys. Res., 77, 1337-1339, 1972. Wallace, L., and D. F. Strobel, Diurnal Variation of Atomic Hydrogen in the Thermosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 20, 521-531, 1972. 

Strobel, D. F., Minor Neutral Constituents in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere, Radio Sci., 7, 1-21, 1972. 

Strobel, D. F., Odd Nitrogen in the Mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 8384-8393, 1971. 

Strobel, D. F., Diurnal Variation of Nitric Oxide in the Upper Atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 2441-2452, 1971. 

Strobel, D. F., and M. B. McElroy, The F2-Layer at Middle Latitudes, Planet. Space Sci., 18, 1181-1202, 1970. 

Strobel, D. F., D. M. Hunten, and M. B. McElroy, Production and Diffusion of Nitric Oxide, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 4307-4321, 1970. 

Strobel, D. F., The Photochemistry of Methane in the Jovian Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 26, 906-911, 1969. 

McElroy, M. B., and D. F. Strobel, Models for the Nighttime Venus Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 74, 1118-1127, 1969.